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Nondeterministic execution in BPJ model checking

In common processing event selection in BP is deterministic. However, in some cases it is desired to specify nondetermistic choices - e.g., when simulating environment behavior using b-threads as part of model checking. Model checking explores all possible execution paths defined by this nondeterminism.

Specifiying nondeterminism

  • In BP, event selection is deteremined by the unique priority of each b-thread, and by the order of events in the requested event set.
  • When the difference in priority of two b-threads is less than a given "epsilon" (a real number provided by the user), the two b-threads are considered of same priority. For example, to create 48 bthreads of the same priority, choose epsilon of 1.00 and create the set of these b-threads so that their priorities have the same whole part and differ only by fractional part. (e.g. priority values of 7.001 – 7.048). The value of "epsilon" is determined by
. . .

Nondeterministic execution

  • In a given requested-events set, events that are in the same second level event set are considered of same priority . E.g. in the requested event set R={a, {b,c,d},{e,f,g}}. b,c,d are considered of the same priority, and e,f,g are considered of the same priority.

When executing in model-checking mode, nondetereministic event selection is performed according to the following algorithm :

  • Scan b-threads in order of priority
  • Scan the requested event set of each b-thread in event order (the set is enumerable).
  • When the first event that is requested and not blocked is found it is remembered as one alternative.
  • If the selected event was in a second level event set (a set within a set), all its siblings in the same second level set that are not blocked are considered having the same priority, and are added as alternatives.
  • If the event is in a first level of the requested event set, this event is the only one from this b-thread.
  • After exploring all execution subtrees anchored at the alternatives from one b-thread go to the next b-thread of “same” priority as defined with epsilon, and repeat the above . At most one second-level set will be selected from the requested events of that b-thread, but not necessarily the first one.
  • When all alternatives in a given execution path are explored the execution returns to the next higher level in the nondeterminstic execution path to select the next alternative at that level.
  • BPJ model checking uses the Java package javaflow to restore the stack of all b-threads in order to resume execution of another subtree at a previously visited synchronization point.
  • Example